top of page

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Symptoms and Treatment Options

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder that is characterized by intrusive and distressing thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions) that are performed in response to these thoughts. If you are struggling with OCD, it's important to know that you are not alone, and that there are effective treatments available at ICP to help you.

What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?

OCD is a type of anxiety disorder that affects people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. It is characterized by unwanted, intrusive, and distressing thoughts, images, or urges (obsessions) that cause anxiety or distress, and repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions) that are performed in response to these thoughts.

What are the symptoms of OCD?

The symptoms of OCD can vary depending on individual patient presentations, but common symptoms include:

  • Obsessions, such as fear of contamination, harm or danger to self or others, or a need for symmetry or order

  • Compulsions, such as excessive cleaning or washing, checking behaviors, repeating behaviors, or mental rituals

  • Significant distress or anxiety related to obsessions and compulsions

  • Time-consuming behaviors that interfere with daily life activities

  • Avoidance of situations or activities that trigger obsessions or compulsions

What are the treatment options for OCD?

There are several types of treatments available for OCD, and the most effective treatment will depend on individual patient presentations. Common treatment options include:

  • Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP): ERP is a type of therapy that involves gradually exposing the patient to situations or triggers that cause anxiety or distress, while preventing the use of compulsive behaviors to alleviate the anxiety. ERP can be effective for a range of OCD symptoms.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is a type of therapy that helps individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors related to OCD symptoms. CBT can be effective for a range of OCD symptoms.

  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): ACT is a type of therapy that helps individuals accept their obsessions and develop skills and strategies to manage their anxiety and distress related to these obsessions. ACT can be effective for a range of OCD symptoms.

  • Medication: Certain types of medication, can be effective in reducing the symptoms of OCD (please note: we do not prescribe medication at ICP).

What to expect in therapy?

In therapy, you will work with a mental health professional who is trained in treating OCD. Your therapist will help you identify your specific OCD symptoms and develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your needs and goals. You will learn coping skills and strategies to manage your OCD symptoms, and you may be asked to complete homework assignments between sessions to practice these skills in real-life situations.

How will seeking mental health support benefit you?

Seeking mental health support for OCD can benefit you in many ways. It can help you:

  • Reduce symptoms of OCD and improve your overall mental health

  • Develop coping skills and strategies to manage difficult emotions and situations related to OCD symptoms

  • Improve your relationships with others

  • Increase your overall quality of life

If you are struggling with OCD, it's important to make a booking with ICP and our team will align you with a mental health clinician who is trained in treating OCD. With the right treatment and support, you can manage your symptoms and live a fulfilling life.

bottom of page